FY 2023 Appropriations: Will Congress Deliver, or Delay?

FY 2023 Appropriations: Will Congress Deliver, or Delay?
Previous failures to pass a budget on time have led to continuing resolutions to keep the government open ... and in some cases, federal shutdowns. (Jon Hicks/Getty Images)

Full appropriations for FY 2022 were signed into law March 15, after nearly six months of restricted funding based on the previous year’s appropriations. Where will we stand at the beginning of FY 2023?


If past is prologue, we may see another sequence of continuing resolutions (CRs), the result of Congress failing to fully fund the government. And if Congress cannot agree on the length of a CR, we could face a government shutdown as the fiscal year begins Oct. 1 – just five weeks before the midterm elections.


For decades, CRs have become a crutch for Congress. Lawmakers have passed a budget before the start of the new fiscal year just four times since FY 1977.


[TAKE ACTION: Ask Your Lawmakers to Fully Fund the Government on Time]


One would think, in a midterm election year, Congress would work overtime to deliver appropriations by the Sept. 30 deadline to garner support from their electorate. But try as they might, and given the demand signals from all ends, lawmakers haven’t wrapped up their budget work on time since FY 1997.


Here is how Congress fared over some recent election years:

  • 2020: The first CR pushed the deadline back to Dec. 11, then four more moved it to Dec. 28. Appropriations passed Dec. 27.

  • 2018: The first CR pushed the deadline back to Dec. 7, then another moved it to Dec. 21. The president vetoed a proposed extension to Feb. 8, 2019, triggering a 35-day partial government shutdown – the longest such shutdown in U.S. history. It ended when three comprehensive appropriations bills were signed into law Feb. 15.

  • 2016: After a CR through Dec. 9, two more extensions pushed the deadline to May 5, 2017. The president signed omnibus appropriations legislation that day – over seven months into the fiscal year.

  • 2014: A series of CRs pushed the deadline to Dec. 17. On Dec. 16, the president signed the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, which included full appropriations for all areas but those under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The act included a CR for DHS through Feb. 27, 2015, but another was needed through early March before full funds were allotted.

  • 2012: A long-term CR pushed the deadline to March 27. The day before it expired, the president signed the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, combining full appropriations for most areas through the fiscal year with a full-year CR for a range of sectors, including the departments of Energy, Interior, Labor, and State, along with financial services and other small agencies.


[RELATED: Budget Delays May Cost DoD More Than $40 Billion. Ask Your Lawmakers to Act]


Finding a Long-Term Solution

Congress will continue to fail at keeping its own rules, and it is unlikely the political will exists to enforce the current timeline. Our servicemembers and their families suffer during CRs, and the practice is terribly wasteful of taxpayers’ dollars. Appropriating funds for a longer period, every two years, may be necessary to create some badly needed predictability.


Given this history, it is difficult to imagine our Congress will have a funding solution for the whole of government by the end of September. However, these are unique times: slowly emerging from the cloud of COVID, rampant inflation, a near-peer country invading its neighbor, and a president’s budget that attempts to deal with these uncertainties. If ever there were enough compelling and contributing factors to “getting this done,” this would be the year.


We must not kick the FY 2023 budget into the next year for a new session of Congress to deal with — this Congress has an obligation to not leave with unfinished appropriations on the table.


If we are to make progress, we must have the appropriations to match the authorizations and budget submitted to Congress. Without full funding, departments must execute “today’s mission” with yesterday’s appropriations, which are exceedingly inadequate.


Send this letter to your lawmakers; we can all make a difference, but it will take Congress to deliver the solution by the end of September this year.


MOAA Fights for You

Get involved and make sure your interests are addressed.


Related Content

About the Author

Col. Dan Merry, USAF (Ret)
Col. Dan Merry, USAF (Ret)

Merry is a former Vice President of Government Relations at MOAA.